In anthropology, kinship is the web of social relationships that form an important part of the lives of most humans in most societies, although its exact meanings even within this discipline are often debated. Anthropologist Robin Fox states that "the study of kinship is the study of what man does with these basic facts of life–mating, gestation, parenthood, socialization, siblingship etc." Human society is unique, he argues, in that we are "working with the same raw material as exists in the animal world, but [we] can conceptualize and categorize it to serve social ends." These social ends include the socialization of children and the formation of basic economic, political and religious groups.
Kinship can refer both to the patterns of social relationships themselves, or it can refer to the study of the patterns of social relationships in one or more human cultures (i.e. kinship studies). Over its history, anthropology has developed a number of related concepts and terms in the study of kinship, such as descent, descent group, lineage, affinity/affine, consanguinity/cognate and fictive kinship. Further, even within these two broad usages of the term, there are different theoretical approaches.
In number theory, friendly numbers are two or more natural numbers with a common abundancy, the ratio between the sum of divisors of a number and the number itself. Two numbers with the same abundancy form a friendly pair; n numbers with the same abundancy form a friendly n-tuple.
A number that is not part of any friendly pair is called solitary.
The abundancy of n is the rational number σ(n) / n, in which σ denotes the sum of divisors function. A number n is a friendly number if there exists m ≠ n such that σ(m) / m = σ(n) / n. Note that abundancy is not the same as abundance which is defined as σ(n) − 2n.
Abundancy may also be expressed as where denotes a divisor function with equal to the sum of the k-th powers of the divisors of n.
The numbers 1 through 5 are all solitary. The smallest friendly number is 6, forming for example the friendly pair 6 and 28 with abundancy σ(6) / 6 = (1+2+3+6) / 6 = 2, the same as σ(28) / 28 = (1+2+4+7+14+28) / 28 = 2. The shared value 2 is an integer in this case but not in many other cases. There are several unsolved problems related to the friendly numbers.
As we approach a new year, let’s not forget kids in kinship care. Kinship care is when a child is living with relatives or close family friends other than their parents ... For Kentucky, there are approximately 55,000 kids in a kinship care setting ... She is president of the Kinship ...
The concept of kinship extending to the world to all living beings was a key message during the 2023 JourneyUpdate event on Nov ... To further support this important message of relationality through the concept of kinship, Dr ... as one in the spirit of kinship and becoming relatives.
Kinship Brewing of Waukee, which a bank foreclosed on in October, has closed its taproom, with plans to reopen on May 1, 2024, according to its website homepage ... million and $2.4 million and that Kinship has failed to keep up payments on an operating loan with a $44,898 balance.
SErbian report. Spanish Summary. French Summary. Executive Summary... “This was ridiculous ... An already inadequate social assistance system ... Legal framework ... 17 ...  That is “persons who have a closer or further kinship, i.e., property relationship, with the individual and that is of influence on the exercise of rights.” Republic of Serbia, Social Card Law ... .
The law which was upheld earlier this year by the U.S ...Dusty Volkel ... She says the measures laid out in the Indian Child Welfare Act have become the gold standard of child welfare, adding, "Kinship care has become very, very prevalent as a child welfare practice across the country and at the tribal level they've been practicing all through history.".
Jenna Kidman was putting on her Halloween costume for her shift at Kinship Brewing when she got a message on the company's scheduling system from owner Zach Dobeck telling his employees to not come in ...Despite the foreclosure, Kinship remains open, with somewhat attenuated hours, producing and serving beer ... Kinship opened on Jan.
“Currently about 25% of children in foster care live with kinship providers. “But, with kinship payments and other initiatives, we hope to significantly increase this option for children who cannot remain safely in their home.” ... * Nearly $59 million (not including federal matching funds) for foster care, kinship care, and children’s homes;.
But up until recently, people who took in a child who was related to them, known in the weird language of the welfare system as “kinship caregivers,” were largely excluded from this benefit ... “Assuming that a kinship-family placement is going to be able to handle the kinds of behavior or mental-health challenges that a child has is a real problem.”.
Barbarian, the tasting menu restaurant inside Kinship Brewing Co ...Lincoln SavingsBank filed for foreclosure against Kinship Brewing at 255 N.W ...Twelve full-time employees at the brewery lost their jobs, according to two sources with knowledge of the Kinship situation.
Opened to fanfare on New Year's Day 2021 with a sprawling, custom-built facility in Waukee, Kinship Brewing is now under foreclosure and facing an uncertain future, though its owner maintains it will survive ... The foreclosure suit indicates Kinship and Sunrise have been on the financial rocks since at least February, when they defaulted on the loans.