In anthropology, kinship is the web of social relationships that form an important part of the lives of most humans in most societies, although its exact meanings even within this discipline are often debated. Anthropologist Robin Fox states that "the study of kinship is the study of what man does with these basic facts of life–mating, gestation, parenthood, socialization, siblingship etc." Human society is unique, he argues, in that we are "working with the same raw material as exists in the animal world, but [we] can conceptualize and categorize it to serve social ends." These social ends include the socialization of children and the formation of basic economic, political and religious groups.
Kinship can refer both to the patterns of social relationships themselves, or it can refer to the study of the patterns of social relationships in one or more human cultures (i.e. kinship studies). Over its history, anthropology has developed a number of related concepts and terms in the study of kinship, such as descent, descent group, lineage, affinity/affine, consanguinity/cognate and fictive kinship. Further, even within these two broad usages of the term, there are different theoretical approaches.
In number theory, friendly numbers are two or more natural numbers with a common abundancy, the ratio between the sum of divisors of a number and the number itself. Two numbers with the same abundancy form a friendly pair; n numbers with the same abundancy form a friendly n-tuple.
A number that is not part of any friendly pair is called solitary.
The abundancy of n is the rational number σ(n) / n, in which σ denotes the sum of divisors function. A number n is a friendly number if there exists m ≠ n such that σ(m) / m = σ(n) / n. Note that abundancy is not the same as abundance which is defined as σ(n) − 2n.
Abundancy may also be expressed as where denotes a divisor function with equal to the sum of the k-th powers of the divisors of n.
The numbers 1 through 5 are all solitary. The smallest friendly number is 6, forming for example the friendly pair 6 and 28 with abundancy σ(6) / 6 = (1+2+3+6) / 6 = 2, the same as σ(28) / 28 = (1+2+4+7+14+28) / 28 = 2. The shared value 2 is an integer in this case but not in many other cases. There are several unsolved problems related to the friendly numbers.
CLEVELAND, Ohio – Retailers have been warning of a toy shortage this holiday season, but Cuyahoga County’s Division of Children and Family Services wants to make sure there’s no scarcity for children in foster and kinship care ...Community members can also register to “adopt” a kinship care family at https.//hhs.cuyahogacounty.us/.
AMMAN. Britain’s Prince Charles paid tribute Wednesday in Amman to the kinship between his mother, Queen Elizabeth II, and Jordan’s late King Hussein, both veteran monarchs. “I feel this friendship in the most personal of ways, as Jordan has always been a part of my life,” Charles said in a speech at the Jordan Museum ... ....
Anusha Misra identifies as queer and disabled. These terms have helped her find community, she says. She’s now trying to expand that community through a platform called Revival Disability. PREMIUM . CopyLink. Indian queerness is a largely non-disabled space, says Anusha Misra, 23. So is the dating world, and of course much of the world in general ... ....
Oct. 22—Silinda Cronin loves Mondays — a treasured remnant of years past, filled with memories of her mother at home and takeout for dinner. Prized trips to the mall during the day were followed by hallowed family meals of pizza ... .
A lyric reminder that “the word for world is forest” and the feeling of forest is love. I have been thinking a great deal about growth — what it means, what it asks of us, how it feels when unforced but organic ... We don’t always know what needs to be shed, or what the optimal direction of growth is ... KINSHIP. by Ursula K. Le Guin ... .
— The NewYorkStateOffice of Addiction Services and Supports (NYS OASAS) recently announced the launch of the KinshipCare Toolkit to support relatives and family friends who are caring full-time for children whose parents can no longer take care of them due to substance use or addiction, incarceration, death, or other circumstances.
Tulsa World exclusive. Former Gov. Brad Henry said he believes Joy Hofmeister is a results-oriented leader who listens to all sides and tries to be collaborative. #oklaedJoy Hofmeister to flip parties, challenge Kevin Stitt for governor in 2022 ... .
For those who are the primary caregiver of another family member’s child, the KinshipCaregiverProgram at Catholic Charities is a resource for families in Allegany and Cattaraugus counties who may need support in stepping out of the relative role and into that of a parent.