In anthropology, kinship is the web of social relationships that form an important part of the lives of most humans in most societies, although its exact meanings even within this discipline are often debated. Anthropologist Robin Fox states that "the study of kinship is the study of what man does with these basic facts of life–mating, gestation, parenthood, socialization, siblingship etc." Human society is unique, he argues, in that we are "working with the same raw material as exists in the animal world, but [we] can conceptualize and categorize it to serve social ends." These social ends include the socialization of children and the formation of basic economic, political and religious groups.
Kinship can refer both to the patterns of social relationships themselves, or it can refer to the study of the patterns of social relationships in one or more human cultures (i.e. kinship studies). Over its history, anthropology has developed a number of related concepts and terms in the study of kinship, such as descent, descent group, lineage, affinity/affine, consanguinity/cognate and fictive kinship. Further, even within these two broad usages of the term, there are different theoretical approaches.
In number theory, friendly numbers are two or more natural numbers with a common abundancy, the ratio between the sum of divisors of a number and the number itself. Two numbers with the same abundancy form a friendly pair; n numbers with the same abundancy form a friendly n-tuple.
A number that is not part of any friendly pair is called solitary.
The abundancy of n is the rational number σ(n) / n, in which σ denotes the sum of divisors function. A number n is a friendly number if there exists m ≠ n such that σ(m) / m = σ(n) / n. Note that abundancy is not the same as abundance which is defined as σ(n) − 2n.
Abundancy may also be expressed as where denotes a divisor function with equal to the sum of the k-th powers of the divisors of n.
The numbers 1 through 5 are all solitary. The smallest friendly number is 6, forming for example the friendly pair 6 and 28 with abundancy σ(6) / 6 = (1+2+3+6) / 6 = 2, the same as σ(28) / 28 = (1+2+4+7+14+28) / 28 = 2. The shared value 2 is an integer in this case but not in many other cases. There are several unsolved problems related to the friendly numbers.
A lyric reminder that “the word for world is forest” and the feeling of forest is love. I have been thinking a great deal about growth — what it means, what it asks of us, how it feels when unforced but organic ... We don’t always know what needs to be shed, or what the optimal direction of growth is ... KINSHIP. by Ursula K. Le Guin ... .
— The NewYorkStateOffice of Addiction Services and Supports (NYS OASAS) recently announced the launch of the KinshipCare Toolkit to support relatives and family friends who are caring full-time for children whose parents can no longer take care of them due to substance use or addiction, incarceration, death, or other circumstances.
Tulsa World exclusive. Former Gov. Brad Henry said he believes Joy Hofmeister is a results-oriented leader who listens to all sides and tries to be collaborative. #oklaedJoy Hofmeister to flip parties, challenge Kevin Stitt for governor in 2022 ... .
For those who are the primary caregiver of another family member’s child, the KinshipCaregiverProgram at Catholic Charities is a resource for families in Allegany and Cattaraugus counties who may need support in stepping out of the relative role and into that of a parent.
Kristi Noem has proclaimed September 2021 as Kinship Appreciation and Awareness Month in South Dakota. Kinship care is an arrangement in which children live with and are taken care of by a family member or people who have an emotionally significant relationship with the children ... When that is not possible, adoptive kinship families are needed.
Wilbur-Ellis hosted a showing of Disney’s “Planes” for Richland-Wilkin Kinship mentors and mentees Wednesday evening, Sept ...Around 40 Kinship mentees and mentors showed up to Wednesday's event, Christensen said ... The event was also the perfect opportunity for Kinship mentors and mentees to connect in a light-hearted and safe environment.
GovernorHenry McMaster has declared September as KinshipCare Month in South Carolina... Kinship care refers to a temporary or permanent arrangement in which a relative or non-related adult, also known as fictive kin, has assumed full-time care of a child whose parents are unable to do so.
The specialized investigator who found allegations of child abuse in a central Alberta kinship care home where four-year-old Serenity lived were unfounded testified Tuesday that she regrets cutting her investigation short ... .
Butte’s Irish remain loyal to their ancestral home — its history, its inhabitants. Daniel Mulhall, Ireland’s ambassador to the United States knows the feeling — he shares that same fierce loyalty. Butte and Mulhall — you could say it’s a match made in heaven ... 8. Meagan Thompson, The Montana Standard ... Mulhall has a wealth of diplomatic experience ... .